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Archive for July, 2013

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With the summer here in full force, drivers are taking every opportunity to escape the heat and take their 4×4 up north for a cool getaway. But before you head off road, it is important to make sure that your 4×4 is ready for the trip. Below are some things that you should be sure to have and do before you leave:

  • See to it that your on-board toolbox is properly stocked with the right tools.
  • Take along the right spare car parts and accessories.
  • Basic first aid supplies & survival gear is a must.

To determine whether your 4×4 vehicle is trail ready and capable of surviving a trip off-road, first do a visual inspection – inside and out. Then, take a few minutes to more closely inspect the inner workings of your 4×4 by making sure that the following parts are in good working condition. If you do not feel comfortable doing this yourself, you can visit Chapman Payson to have a service technician do it for you.

  • Axles & Differentials – hubs, seals, vacuum lines, shift motors, vent lines, front u-joints
  • Battery – clean terminals, check for damaged or corroded wiring
  • Brakes – drums, rotors, pads/shoes, fluid, hoses, leaks, check e-brake, brake lights
  • Belts & Hoses – look for cracks or bulges
  • Body/Frame – look for cracks
  • Cooling/Heating systems – look for leaks, fluid levels, check hoses, thermostat, and radiator cap.
  • Driveline/Transmission – inspect case and shifter, leaks, fluids, universal & cv joints, skid plates
  • Engine – carburetor, fuel injectors, spark plugs, wires, pcv valve, pumps, spark plugs, distributor and wires, belts; check for leaks and cracks
  • Exhaust – muffler, tailpipes
  • Fluids – oil, transmission, brake, radiator coolant, gear oils, wipers, power steering
  • Lights – headlights, brake lights, auxiliary lights; make sure they’re aimed properly
  • Nuts & Bolts – tighten axle u-bolts, lug bolts, nuts
  • Steering – check alignment, fluid level, belts and hoses, pump and reservoir for leaks
  • Suspension – springs, shocks, alignment, wheel bearings, steering linkage
  • Tires – tighten lug nuts, air pressure, tread wear (including your full size spare), look for cuts and missing chunks
  • Wipers – check for wear, fluid level.

While off-roading on rough terrains, see to it that you drive at a speed that you can easily control the car on. If you run into any problems, you can stop by the Chapman Payson service center to resolve the issue.